lead author Erik Gonzalez-Mulé, assistant professor of organizational behavior and human resources. “We found that work stressors are more likely to cause depression and death as a result of jobs in which workers have little control.”
The reverse was also true: Jobs can fuel good health, particularly jobs that provide workers autonomy.
2020欧洲杯体育线上投注Fascinatingly, the amount of autonomy at work turns out to be not a stressor in itself, but control does let people cope with other stresses of work. Intelligence was also found to be a coping mechanism for job stress. “People that are smarter are better able to adapt to the demands of a stressful job and figure out ways to deal with stress,” says Gonzalez-Mulé.
The take-home: Managers should provide employees in demanding jobs with more control, such as choice over how and when they do their work, or if that is not possible, lower demands. The authors note that the coronavirus pandemic is likely exacerbating mental health problems, which makes it more important for managers to turn down the dial on work stress.
2020欧洲杯体育线上投注“It’s particularly important that work not exacerbate those problems,” he notes.